Workout or Exercise
WORKOUT is often a routine performed in the gym; the gym-goer will exercise several different muscles in one intense session. Workout refers more to a specific set of physical exercises, generally in a gym, which follows a precise pattern.
EXERCISE is also referred to as physical activity. In simple terms exercise is any movement that works your body at a greater intensity than your usual level of daily activity. It raises your heart rate and works your muscles and is most commonly performed to achieve the aim of physical fitness. Some famous athletes recently attributed much of their phenomenal success to giving up gluten, a type of protein naturally found in wheat, rye and barley. Gluten free diets also help in workouts and exercise
What would be suitable as exercise for one person may be too much or too little for another. For example, if the most energetic part of your average day is walking to pick up your children from school, then walking at a quicker pace would be a good form of exercise for your body. However, a 10 mile run would be too much of a challenge too soon.
Types of Workouts
Cardiovascular and Endurance
Your heart is the most important organ in your body, which is why cardiovascular exercise is a vital addition to any fitness routine. Cardio helps to strengthen the heart, which makes it work more efficiently. It also helps increase your endurance for daily activities as well as sports and fitness applications. Cardio can also reduce your risk for heart attack, stroke and heart disease, according to the American Heart Association. Any exercise that raises your heart rate is considered cardio, so think along the lines of dance, running, cycling, and kickboxing or even walking.
While cardio works out your heart, strength training is what you need to build up strong muscles and bones. Adding resistance, lifting weights or even body-weight exercises to your routine means you help to build stronger muscles. When lifting weights or performing strength-training exercises, aim for eight to 12 reps of each exercise. If you can’t do eight, your weight is too heavy or the exercise is too difficult. If you can do more than 12, the weight could be too light.
Stretching and Flexibility
When you think of exercise, you might think of pumping iron or sweating it up on a cardio machine. But don’t neglect to add stretching and flexibility exercise to your routine; it’s what helps keep your body mobile. Whether you take a yoga class or stretch before bed, improving your flexibility and balance is what contributes to your being able to participate in other, more rigorous types of exercise.
Creating a Routine
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lays out a plan for healthy adults. Cardio — heart-pumping exercise — should be done for at least 30 minutes per day, five days per week. Weight training should then be added for about 30 minutes, twice per week. Add stretching and flexibility work as needed; try doing it after each workout. When your fitness routine is built on all three types of workouts, you’ll enjoy better health and better overall quality of life through a more well-rounded approach to physical fitness.
Types of Exercise
Aerobic exercise involves performing continuous movements with large muscle groups, such as your legs, for 20 minutes or more. Cycling, swimming, rowing, walking or jogging are forms of aerobic exercise. You may perform aerobic exercise to increase your cardiorespiratory endurance or lose weight. Low-intensity aerobic exercise sessions that last at least 45 minutes are ideal for weight loss, according to the National Federation of Personal Trainers. Enhancing your cardiorespiratory endurance requires higher intensity aerobic exercise, which may last between 20 and 30 minutes.
Anaerobic exercises increase the force your muscle contractions can generate, and may increase your strength, speed or power output. Weightlifting, sprinting and plyometrics are examples of anaerobic exercise. This type of exercise involves performing fewer, and more intense, muscle contractions than aerobic exercise. For example, heavy weightlifting exercises exhaust your muscles after fewer contractions, because each contraction is particularly intense. Anaerobic exercises, which exhaust your muscles in 15 or fewer repetitions, may provide optimal strength gains. Increasing the power of each contraction may require exercises that exhaust your muscles in under six repetitions.
Flexibility exercise enhances the range of motion of your muscle and joint movements. Stretching and many yoga poses, are forms of flexibility exercise. Flexibility exercises are particularly beneficial after anaerobic exercise, because more recovery nutrients reach your hungry muscles. Prolonged muscle tightness, poor recovery and bad posture can shorten your muscles over time. Flexibility exercises stretch out your muscles to help prevent shortening and subsequent injuries. You may hold post-workout stretches for 10 to 30 seconds, while you may hold individual yoga poses for up to five minutes.
Stability exercise improves your ability to maintain body alignment while resisting unwanted bone and joint movements. For example, balance, agility and core training include stability exercises. Stability exercise enhances your control of body movements by strengthening muscles, which support and coordinate your joint articulations. Greater stability helps you perform more powerful muscle contractions, because less energy is lost through inadvertent joint and muscle movements. The National Federation of Personal Trainers recommends including 10 minutes of stability exercise in your daily workout regimen.
The Pros and Cons of a Workout
Pro: Unshakeable Control
Boot camp training and other intense workouts have one thing in common: they build discipline. These intense fitness programs are very aggressive. They require training several times per week. For most people, the frequency of the training could prove too overwhelming. But if you are dedicated to achieving your fitness goals, the program will provide all opportunities to achieve a sculpted frame.
If you are committed to leading an active lifestyle and you want to stay fit, then following stringent rules will come naturally. Once you integrate these strict measures to your everyday life, you will achieve the body you have always dreamed of.
Pro: Healthy, Active Lifestyle
Staying fit means exercising regularly. Boot camp training takes an active lifestyle a step higher by requiring intense training at least four times per week. Being on the move promotes a healthy, active lifestyle. These training may be intense, but they will definitely help you stay healthy and fit. The programs are targeted for various goals so they are versatile as well. You can train to achieve a toned frame, to develop a lean, strong body or to boost endurance.
Pro: Fast Results
Training is a process that’s why do not expect instantaneous results. But intense training works faster than most types of regular workouts. The intensity of the exercises coupled by the frequency of the training tone and strengthen the muscles at a much faster rate. The result? A toned, sculpted frame in half the time!
Con: It’s not for Everyone
Not everyone is cut out to perform extreme exercises, much more complete a whole program. The strict routine may prove too stringent for some people. Again, any type of intense training requires a certain level of discipline. If you are not committed enough to see through the program, then there is no way you will get the results you expect. In addition, such programs are not advisable for people who are afflicted or have a history of chronic diseases.
Con: Hard to Stick To
Intense training requires 100% commitment. That means dedicating a lot of time working out and for busybodies, this can be a problem. Most extreme training requires five to six gym visits per week. And for those pressed for time, they just don’t have time to spare to exercise 5 to 6 times a week.
Con: Increases the Risk of Injuries
Extreme training combines intense cardio with challenging resistance training. The combination of two strenuous workouts could increase the risk of injuries. This goes especially for people who are trying the program for the first time. Our advice is to let a professional fitness trainer assist you in every step so you do not injure yourself.
The Pros and Cons of Exercise
- Three hours a week cuts your risk of heart disease by 40%
- Makes bones stronger and less prone to osteoporosis
- Can slow memory loss
- Easy, safe and free
- Burns more fat per minute than any other form of cardiovascular activity; regular runners far less likely to die prematurely than non-runners
- Creates a release of endorphins that can cause a general feeling of happiness
- Exercises all main muscle groups
- Strengthens lungs
- Excellent for aerobic fitness and easing joint and back problems
- Promotes core body strength, balance and posture. One hour of biking can burn similar calories to 30-minute jog
- You really need to tot up at least 16,000 steps a day of walking before the pounds start dropping off
- High injury potential. Feet hit ground 800 to 1,000 times a mile during run with an impact equivalent to about three times the body’s weight
- Can lead to arthritis from the injuries and stress on the joints
- Suppresses appetite, for some
- Makes you hungry, for others, and can cause craving for fatty foods like chocolate and cakes
- Poor technique can cause muscle strains, neck and back pain
- Non-weight bearing is not effective in bone-building.
Remember: regardless of whether you Workout or Exercise, have fun doing it. If something doesn’t feel right, listen to your body and have a medical professional check it out. Taking care of our bodies is a lifetime commitment.