- Celiac Disease-click here for an overview
- Gluten-Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. The problem in celiac disease and gluten intolerance is when this protein causes an inflammatory reaction in the small intestine.
- Diet-A way of eating, not a restrictive one, just a way to eat. No expectations that a diet has to be a bad thing. It’s just a nutrition plan, that is all.
- Calorie-Technically the amount of energy it takes to heat a gram of water 1 degree Celsius. For our purposes consider it a unit of energy, also something important to look at food labels.
- Macronutrient-These are proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Also referred to as “macros.”
- Micronutrients-Vitamins, minerals, all the other good stuff.
- Protein-one of the macronutrients, composed of amino acids. Generally found in meats, beans, dairy, and in small amounts in grain product and some fat sources. Each gram of protein contains approximately 4 calories.
- Carbohydrates-another macro, revered or hated depending on what diet book is hot. There are complex and simple carbs, fruits/veggies/grains contain a relatively larger amount of carbs. Also 4 calories per gram.
- Fats-another victim of redheaded stepchild syndrome. Includes the omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, and also unsaturated fats (mono and poly) as well as saturated fat. These will not kill you if eaten in moderation.
- Maintenance-Eating the amount of calories which will keep your scale weight at a given level. Usually given water weight fluctuations within a few pounds.
- Deficit-Eating less calories than you expend, resulting in weight/fat loss. A deficit is generally achieved by a combination of eating less and moving more.
- Surplus-Eating more calories than you expend, resulting in weight gain, which may be muscle, fat or a combination. When done intentionally, this could be good. Unintentionally, not so much.
- Glycemic Index/Glycemic Load-Numbers to confuse you. These are supposed to give you an idea of how quickly these items are broken down into the smallest unit and enter your bloodstream. Pretty much useless because it doesn’t take into account eating these items in conjunction with another. So don’t worry about it too much, it’s a piece of information that you can use, not the be all end all.
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